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The Arbah Minim- The Four Species

The torah commands us in Parshas Emor (Leviticus 23:40) “Vilakachtem Lachem Bayom Horishon …”—
“and you shall take for yourself on the first day”

1) “Pri Eitz Haddar”a fruit of a beautiful tree
  THE ESROG (citron)

2)“Kapos Temarim”date palm branches
  THE LULAV (palm)

3)“Vianaf Eitz Avos”twigs of a plaited tree
  THE HADDAS (myrtle)

4)“Viarvei Nachal”willows of the river
  THE ARAVAH (willow)

To fulfill the commandment (the Mitzvah) we need all four species and not one can be missing. The Rabbis have interpreted the Mitzvah as follows:
One (1) Esrog
One (1) Lulav
Three (3) Haddassim (this is the minimum but many people add more to beautify the Mitzvah)
Two (2) Aravos

What to look for when selecting the Arbah Minim.
There is the Mitzvah and then there is Hiddur Mitzvah which in essence translates to not just purchasing any Kosher Esrog set, but trying to purchase the most beautiful one.

What is beauty?
Beauty in an Esrog could mean many things; cleanliness, bumps and ridges, no stains, no scratches, no holes etc.
The shape also plays a major roll in the Esrog, some look for a shape of a “migdal” or tower, wider on the bottom and narrower on top – almost to a point. Others prefer the shape of a heart, wider on top and smaller on bottom (because in the Midrash the Esrog is compared to the heart of a person).
Many Esrogim grow with a pitum (a wood like growth on the top of the esrog.) Most of the Yanover (from Calabria, Italy) grow without it, as it dries up during the first few weeks of growth. The esrog remains 100% kosher if it falls off while still growing on the tree. Some Yanover Esrogim do have a pitum, but they are more costly because of the rarity. (Please specify during ordering as to all your preferences)
Most of the Esrogim from Israel do have a pitum and the cost is the same for ones with or without.

Beauty in a Lulav, means that it should be green, fresh, straight and not bent. The middle leaf should be 100% closed (but don't worry – even if it opens up 1/3 of the way down, its still Kosher.)

Beauty in the Haddas (a myrtle branch) means that it has three leaves growing out of the stem on the same level and those leaves cover the entire wood of the stem. The minimum requirement is just three branches but some add extra branches. (All of our Hadassim come pre checked for Kashruth and are vacuum packed to ensure freshness.)

Beauty in the Aravah (willows growing near a river or body of water) means branches with a red stem, and leaves with smooth edges. (Our Aravos are vacuum packed to insure freshness and Kashruth.)


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Israeli Esrogim
• Chinuch
• Standard
• Deluxe
• Mehudar
• Special Mehudar

Yanover Esrogim
• Standard

• Deluxe
• Mehudar
• Special Mehudar
• Special Mehudar    -Extra Large

Yanover w/Pitum
• Standard

• Deluxe
• Mehudar
• Special Mehudar
• Special Mehudar    -Extra Large

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